ANSWER KEY

1.1. Vocabulary. Meansoftransport.

ANSWER KEY

  1. Studythe „Means of transport“ vocabularyandinserttranslationinyourmothertongue.

(aero)plane[ˈeərəpleɪn]nouna heavier-than-airpoweredflyingvehiclewithfixedwings

(transl. lėktuvas)

articulated lorry(BrE)[ɑ:′tɪkjuleɪtɪd′lɔrɪ]noun/ tractor-trailer[′træktə′treɪlə]

nouna largelorry/truckwithtwosections, oneinfrontwherethedriversitsandone

behindforcarryinggoods (transl.(sunkvežimis su priekaba) arba sujungta

transporto priemonė(vilkikas su puspriekabe)

(bi)cycle[′baɪsɪkəl]nouna vehiclewith a tubularmetalframemountedontwospokedwheels, onebehindtheother. Theridersitson a saddle, propelsthevehiclebymeansofpedalsthatdrivetherearwheelthrough a chain, andsteerswithhandlebarsonthefrontwheel (Oftenshortened to cycle, (informal) bike (transl. dviratis)

boat[bəʊt]nouna vehicle (smallerthan a ship) thattravelsonwater, movedbyoars, sailsor a motor(transl.valtis)

breakdown truck(BrE)[′breɪkdauntrʌk]noun/ tow truck

(especially NAmE) [′təutrʌk]nouna truck thatisusedfortakingcarsaway to

be repairedwhentheyhavehad a breakdown (transl. sunkvežimis vilkikas)

bulldozer[′buldəuzə]nouna powerfulvehiclewith a broadsteelbladeinfront, usedformovingearthorknockingdownbuildings (transl. buldozeris)

bus [bʌs]noun(BrE also coach)[kəutʃ]nouna largeroadvehiclethatcarriespassengers, especiallyonethattravelsalong a fixedrouteandstopsregularly to letpeoplegetonandoff

(transl.autobusas)

cable car [′keɪblkɑ:]nouna vehiclethathangsfromandispulledby a movingcableandthatcarries passengersupanddown a mountain  (transl. funikulierius)

camper(BrE)[′kæmpə]noun/ recreational vehicle(RV) (NAmE) [‚rekrɪ′eɪʃnəl′vi:ɪkl]nouna largevehicledesignedforpeople to liveandsleepinwhenthey are travelling(translkemperis, poilsinė transporto priemonė)

canoe[kəˈnuː]nouna long narrow boat that you push through the water using a

paddle(transl. kanoja)

car[kɑː]nouna roadvehicle, typicallywithfourwheels, poweredbyaninternal-combustionengineandable to carry a small number of people (transl. automobilis)

caravan(BrE) [′kærəvæn]noun/ camper(NAmE) [′kæmpə]nouna roadvehiclewithoutanenginethatispulledby a car, designedforpeople to liveandsleepin, especiallywhenthey are onholiday/vacation(transl. kemperis, poilsinė transporto priemonė)

catamaran [ˌkætəməˈræn]nouna ​sailing ​boat that has two ​parallel ​hulls

(= ​floating ​parts) ​held together by a ​single ​deck (= ​flat ​surface)

(transl. katamaranas)

cement mixer [sɪ′ment′mɪksə]nouna machinewith a drumthatholdssand, waterandcementandturns to mixthemtogether

(transl. automobilis-cemento maišytuvas)

coach[kəʊtʃ]nouna comfortable bus for carrying passengers over long distances.

(transl. reisinis, turistinis autobusas)

dinghy [ˈdɪŋɡi]nouna small boat for recreation or racing, especially an open boat with a

mast and sails.(transl.pripučiama valtis)   

double-decker[,dʌbl′dekə]nouna bus withtwofloors, oneontopoftheother.

(transl. dviaukštis autobusas)

dumper truck[′dʌmpətrʌk]noun(NAmE alsodump truck)[dʌmptrʌk]nouna vehicle

forcarryingearth, stones, etc. in a containerwhichcan be liftedupfortheload to fallout.

(transl.savivartis)

excavator[′ekskəveɪtə]nouna largemachinethatisusedfordiggingandmovingearth.

(transl. ekskavatorius)

ferry [ˈfɛri]nounalsoferryboat[ˈferɪbəʊt] nouna boat or ship for conveying passengers and goods, especially over a relatively short distance and as a regular service.

(transl. keltas)

forklift truck [′fɔ:klɪfttrʌk]nouna vehiclewithspecialequipmentonthefrontformovingandliftingheavyobjects. (transl. šakinis krautuvas)

forestrycarrier [ˈfɒrəstriˈkærɪə] noun   a vehiclethatisdesigned to workin a widefieldof

forestryapplicationsand carry wood.  (transl. miškavežis)                     

freight train[freɪttreɪn]noun(BrE alsogoods train) [gudztreɪn]nounatrainthatcarriesonlygoods.  (transl. prekinis traukinys)

freighter[ˈfreɪtə]noun1. A large ship or aircraft designed to carry goods in bulk.

  1. A person who loads, receives, or forwards goods for transport.

(transl.1. krovinis laivas/lėktuvas 2. krovinio siuntėjas/gavėjas)

frontendloader [frʌntendˈləʊdə]nouna loaderhaving a shovelorbucket at theendofanarticulatedarmlocated at thefrontofthevehicle.(transl. krautuvas su kaušu)

funicular[fju′nɪkjulə]nouna railwayon a steep slope, used to transportpassengersupanddowninspecialcarsbymeansof a movingcable. (transl. funikulierius, keltuvas (t. p. funicular railway)

helicopter [ˈhɛlɪˌkɒptə]nounanaircraftcapableofhover, verticalflight, andhorizontalflightinanydirection.(transl. sraigtasparnis)

high-speed train [′haɪ′spi:dtreɪn]nouna railway/railroadenginepulling a numberofcoaches/carsortrucks, takingpeopleandgoodsfromoneplace to another. It is a typeofpassengerrailtransportthatoperatessignificantlyfasterthantraditionalrailtraffic.

(transl. greitasis traukinys)

hovercraft [ˈhɒvəkrɑːft]nouna vehicle or craft that travels over land or water on

a cushion of air provided by a downward blast. (transl.transporto priemonė su oro

pagalve)

hydrofoil[ˈhaɪdrəfɔɪl]nouna boat whose hull is fitted underneath with shaped vanes

(foils) which lift the hull clear of the water at speed.(transl.laivas su povandeniniais

sparnais, sparnuotlaivis)

jeep[dʒi:p]nouna smallstrongvehicleused, especiallybythearmy, fordrivingover

roughground.  (transl.džipas, visureigis (Jeep – visureigio prekės ženklas)

jet[dʒɛt]nouna plane driven by jet engines. (transl. reaktyvinis lėktuvas(t. p. jet plane/aircraft)

kayak[ˈkaɪæk]nouna canoe of a type used originally by the Inuit, made of a light frame

with a watertight covering having a small opening in the top to sit in.

(transl.1 kajakas (eskimų valtis) 2 sport. baidarė)

liner[ˈlʌɪnə]nouna large luxurious passenger ship of a type formerly used on a regular line.

(transl.laineris, (reisinis) keleivinis garlaivis/lėktuvas)

loggingtruck [ˈlɒɡɪŋtrʌk] noun  ortimbertruck(especiallyNAmE)

[ˈtɪmbətrʌk]nouna timberlorryorlogtruckis a largetruckused to carrylogs.

Somehaveintegratedflatbeds, some are discretetractorunits, andsome are

configuredto spread a loadbetweenthetractorunitand a dolliedtrailerpulled

behind it. (transl.sunkvežimis medienai gabenti)

lorry(BrE)[′lɔrɪ]noun/ truck (especially NAmE)[trʌk]nouna  largevehicleforcarryingheavyloadsbyroad. (transl. sunkvežimis)

minibus[′mɪnɪbʌs]nouna smallvehiclewithseatsforabouttwelvepeople. (transl.mikroautobusas, mažas autobusas)

moped(Br E) [ˈməʊpɛd]nouna lightmotorcycle, notover 50cc. (transl. mopedas)

motorboat[ˈməʊtəbəʊt]nouna boat powered by a motor.(transl. motorinė valtis; motorlaivis)

motorcycle[ˈməʊtəsʌɪk(ə)l]nouna two-wheeled vehicle that is powered by a motor and has no pedals.(transl. motociklas)

passenger train [ˈpæsɪndʒətreɪn]nouna train that carries passengers. (transl. keleivinis traukinys)

pickup (alsopickup truck) [′pɪkʌp]nouna vehiclewithlowsidesandnoroof at thebackused, forexample, byfarmers.(transl. pikapas)

raft [rɑːft]nouna flat buoyant structure of timber or other materials fastened together, used as

a boat or floating platform.(transl.keltas, plaustas; pripučiamoji gelbėjimo valtis

(t. p. life raft)

rowingboat[ˈraʊɪŋbəʊt]nouna ​small ​boat that is ​moved by ​pulling ​oars

(= ​poles with ​flat ​ends) through the ​water. (transl. irklinė valtis)

sailboat[ˈseɪlˌbot]nouna boat with sails. (transl. burinė valtis, burvaltė, burlaivis)

single-decker[,sɪŋgl′dekə]nouna bus withonlyonelevel. (transl. vienaaukštis autobusas/tramvajus ir pan.)

school bus  [sku:lbʌs]nouna publicly or privately owned vehicle that is used for taking  schoolchildren to and from school or school-related activities.

(transl. mokyklinis autobusas)

seaplane [ˈsiːpleɪn]nounan aircraft with floats or skis instead of wheels, designed to land

on and take off from water. (transl. vandens lėktuvas, hidroplanas, jūrų aviacijos

lėktuvas)

ship[ʃɪp]nouna ​large ​boat for ​travelling on ​water, ​especially ​across the ​sea. (transl. laivas)

speedboat [ˈspiːdbəʊt]nouna motor boat designed for high speed.(transl. greitaeigis kateris)

sportscar[spɔːtskɑː]nouna ​fast, ​low ​car, often for two ​people only.(transl. sportinis automobilis)

submarine / sub [ˈsʌbməˌriːn]nouna vessel, esponedesignedforwarfare, capableofoperatingforprotractedperiodsbelowthesurfaceoftheseaOftenshortened to sub.

(transl.povandeninis laivas)

surfboard[ˈsɜːfbɔːd]nouna long, narrow shaped board used in surfing.

(transl. banglentė)

tanker[′tæŋkə]nouna shiporlorry/truckthatcarriesoil, gasorpetrol/gasinlargequantities.

(transl. tanklaivis; autocisterna; av. degalų lėktuvas)

taxi[′tæksɪ]noun(alsocab, taxicab) [kæb][′tæksɪkæb]nouna carwith a driverthatyoupay to take yousomewhere. Taxisusuallyhavemeterswhichshowhowmuchmoneyyouhave to pay. (transl. taksi)

tractor  [′træktə]nouna powerfulvehiclewithtwolargeandtwosmallerwheels, usedespeciallyforpullingfarmmachinery. (transl. traktorius)

trailer  [ˈtreɪlə]nouna roadvehicle, usuallytwo-wheeled,towedby a motorvehicle: usedfortransportingboats, etc; thepartofanarticulatedlorrythatisdrawnbythecab.

(transl. priekaba; treileris; 2 amer. gyvenamoji automobilio priekaba)

train[treɪn]nouna ​railway ​engine ​connected to​carriages for ​carrying ​people or to ​wheeled ​containers for ​carrying ​goods.(transl. traukinys)

tram(Br E)[træm]noun/ streetcar(US)[′stri:tkɑ:]nouna vehicledrivenbyelectricity, thatrunsonrailsalongthestreetsof a townandcarriespassengers. (transl. tramvajus; tramvajaus vagonas)

transporter[træn′spɔ:tə]nouna largevehicleusedforcarryingheavyobjects, forexampleothervehicles. (transl. transporteris)

trawler[ˈtrɔː.lər]nouna ​large ​boat that uses a ​wide, cone-shaped ​net to ​catch ​fish.

(transl. traleris, žvejybos laivas)

underground(BrE)[′ʌndəgraund]noun/ subway(NAmE) [′sʌbweɪ]nounanundergroundrailway/railroadsystemin a city.(transl. metro, metropolitenas (ypač Londone)

van[væn]nouna coveredvehiclewithnosidewindowsinitsbackhalf, usuallysmallerthan a lorry/truck, usedforcarryinggoodsorpeople. (transl. furgonas)

yacht [jɒt]nouna vesselpropelledbysailorpower, usedespforpleasurecruising, racing, etc.

(transl. jachta)

  1. Studythe „General words for transportation – synonyms or related words“ vocabularyandinserttranslationinyourmothertongue.

arrivals [əˈraɪvl̩z]nounplanes, trains, or buses that have just arrived at a place after a journey. (transl. atvykimas)

bus lane[ bʌs leɪn] nounspecial part of the road only for buses.(transl. eismo juosta, skirta autobusams važiuoti)

bus route[bʌs ruːt ] nounthe journey the bus does.(transl. autobuso maršrutas)

bus stop [ bʌs stɒp]  noun where the bus stops for people to get on or get off (also tram stop)

(transl. autobuso stotelė)

communication [kəˌmjuːnɪˈkeɪʃn̩]nouna transport system for taking people or goods from one place to another.(transl.susisiekimas)

commute [kəˈmjuːt]noun the journey to work and back.(transl.reguliarus važinėjimas į darbą ir atgal)

conveyance [kənˈveɪəns] nounformal the process of moving people, animals, or goods from one place to another. (transl.vežimas, gabenimas, transportavimas)

departure [dɪˈpɑːtʃə]nouna plane, bus, or train that leaves a place at a particular time.

(transl. išvykimas, išėjimas, išskridimas,  išplaukimas, išvažiavimas)

freight[freɪt] nounthe transport system that carries goods. (transl. (laivo) važta; kroviniai; krovinių gabenimas (konteineriais)

haulage [ˈhɔːlɪdʒ] noun the business of carrying goods by road or railway, or the cost of doing this. (transl. vežimas, pervežimas, gabenimas; mokestis už gabenimą)

journey[ˈdʒɜːni]noun the trip between the start and end.(transl. kelionė (ir prk.); reisas)

link[ lɪŋk]nouna mean of travel or communication connecting two or more places.

(transl. transporto jungtis)

mass transit [mæs ˈtrænsɪt]  nounpublic transport, especially in a city or town.

(transl. viešasis transportas)

one-day return[wʌn deɪ rɪˈtɜːn]nounwhen you go and come back the same day.(transl. vienos dienos bilietas pirmyn ir atgal)

public transport [ˈpʌblɪk ˈtrænspɔːt] nounbuses, trains etc that everyone can use. The American word is public transportation.(transl. viešasis transportas)

railway station[ˈreɪlweɪˈsteɪʃn̩] nounwhere you get on or off a train (also tube station).

(transl. geležinkelio stotis)

season ticket [ˈsiːzn̩ kɑːd]nouna train ticket where you can go by train every day for a month, or a year.(transl. sezoninis bilietas)

service [ˈsɜːvɪs] nouna bus, train, ship, or plane that goes regularly to a particular place or at a particular time. (transl. (transporto) judėjimas; susisiekimas)

shuttle  [ˈʃʌtl̩]nouna bus, train, or plane that makes frequent short journeys between two places.(transl. maršrutinis autobusas/traukinys/lėktuvas)

single or a return (ticket)[ˈsɪŋɡl̩ɔː rɪˈtɜːn ˈtɪkɪt] nouna bus, train or air ticket to go only (single) or to go and come back (return)(transl. bilietas į vieną/abi puses)

traffic jam[ˈtræfɪk dʒæm] nounwhen there are too many cars, buses etc and everything goes slowly – or stops.(transl. eismo grūstis, eismo spūstis)

transit  [ˈtrænsɪt]  nounamerican a system of buses, trains etc that people use to travel around a particular city or area.(transl. tranzitas, pervežimas)

transport  [trænsˈpɔːt] noun1. the business of moving people or things from one place to another, usually using buses or trains. 2. a method of travelling or moving things from one place to another. 3. the process of moving people or things from one place to another, usually in a vehicle.(trans.1. transportas (vežimo/gabenimo sistema/priemonės); 2. transportavimas, vežimas, transportas)

transportation [ˌtrænspɔːˈteɪʃn̩]noun1. the activity of moving people or things from one place to another, or the system used for doing this. 2. mainly american the activity of travelling from one place to another. 3. mainly american a method of travelling from one place to another.

(trans. vežimo išlaidos; kelionės kaina)

travel card[ˈtrævl̩ kɑːd] nouna card where you can make multiple journeys in one day, for example on the London tube. (transl. kelionės kortelė)

III. Studythe „Transportation Phrases“ vocabulary.

You get on and get off a bus, train, plane, bike, boat, etc. This is because you need to take a step up to get on the means of transport.

You get in and get out of a car, or taxi.

You can travel or go by bike, train, car, tube. But you travel on or go on foot (=walk).

You can drive a car, taxi or train.

You ride a bike, motorbike or horse.

You fly a plane.

Common error

Don’t say “I take my car to work”. Say “I drive to work” or “I go to work by car” or “I travel to work by car”.

  1. Studythe „Car types“ vocabularyandinserttranslationinyourmothertongue.

convertible[kən′və:təbl]noun(Of a car) having a folding or detachable roof.(transl. automobilis su nudengiamu/sulankstomu viršumi)

saloon(BrE)/ sedan(NAmE) [sə′lu:n] [sɪ′dæn] nouna car having a closed body and a closed boot separated from the part in which the driver and passengers sit.(transl. sedanas, dengtas automobilis)

hatchback[′hætʃbæk]nouna car with a door across the full width at the back end that opens upwards to provide easy access for loading.  (transl. hečbekas)

people carrier(BrE)/ minivan(NAmE) [′pi:pl′kærɪə] [′mɪnɪvæn]nouna small van.

(transl. mini furgonas)

four-wheel drive[fɔ:wi:ldrav] nouna vehicle with four-wheel drive, typically designed for off-road driving. (transl. automobilis keturiais varomaisiais ratais, visureigis)

estate car (BrE)/ station wagon(NAmE)[ɪ′steɪtkɑ:] [′steɪʃn,wægən] nouna car with a large carrying area behind the seats, accessed by a door at the rear.(transl. universalas (automobilis), automobilis su universaliu kėbulu)

Literature:

Ribokienė R.  Specialybės užsienio kalba.  Šiauliai, 2013. p. 66

Online sources:

http://www.oxforddictionaries.com

http://dictionary.cambridge.org

http://www.photransedit.com

http://www.macmillandictionary.com/thesaurus-category/british/general-words-for-transportation

http://www.english-at-home.com/transport-vocabulary/

http://www.manythings.org/vocabulary/lists/e/words.php?f=water_transportation